The Republic of Panama is the southernmost nation of Central America. Politically, it is a constitutional democracy and has been relatively stable since the late 1980s. It is bordered on the south by Columbia and on the north by Costa Rica. On its eastern and western borders are the Caribbean and Pacific Oceans, respectively.
Panama is probably best known as the home of the Panama Canal, which itself attracts numerous visitors every year. What is less known is that Panama is an excellent holiday location in it own right, with stunning beaches, exceptional fishing spots, ancient ruins, and beautiful mountains.
Panama has been home to human inhabitants since as far back as 2500 BC and evidence of several civilizations has been documented in the country.
Like many of its neighbors, Panama became a part of the Spanish colonial empire in the 16th Century and remained as such for over three hundred years. When Columbus arrived in the early 1500s, Panama was quickly identified as a strategic location and duely subjugated.
In the 19th Century, when independence from Spain was finally achieved, Panama spent many years under the rule of Columbia. It was not until the early part of the 20th Century that Panama gained its independence in exchange for US access to the Canal Zone. Panama now boasts the strongest economy in the region.